Curriculum

Today's job market requires graduates to be more than just experts in their fields.  They need to be able to apply and adapt a wide array of skills and experiences to fit changing needs.  Post University's Biology curriculum offers students an array of choices that provides them with the depth and breadth of knowledge they need to be successful in the field of biological science.  That's why in addition to science courses, students take courses in the humanities, liberal arts and social sciences.

At Post, we are committed to preparing students to be successful in their careers and stand out among their peers. A critical element of this learning process is a leadership course that includes an interdisciplinary perspective on foundations underlying all organizations. These include management, leadership, domestic and international economics, ethics, social responsibility, entrepreneurship, marketing, e-commerce, information technology, human resource management, accounting, investments, money and personal finances. The skills learned are essential for success in any career, whether in a for-profit or non-profit business, or government organization. The ability to apply the principles learned in this course will help set Post University students apart as leaders in their fields.


Internship and Cooperative Education Opportunities

At Post, students can take advantage of a robust internship program and co-op opportunities where they have opportunities to participate in real-life work situations related to their field of study before they graduate. 

Our program can give Post students a real edge over their competition. Not only do they get a chance to put their classroom learning to the test, but they also get opportunities to meet prospective employers, network with people in their field, test-drive their intended career, and build their resumes with concrete examples of how they've made the connection between theory and practice.


B.S. in Biology Curriculum

 

General Education 61 crs
Common Core 12 crs
ENG110 College Writing

ENG110

College Writing - 3 Credits

This course is designed to develop and refine the analytical/critical reading skills and the substantive writing skills of freshmen.  This intensive writing class will focus on writing essays of varying length and expose students to the various rhetorical modes of writing that will contribute to their success in university courses and their chosen careers.

3 crs
ENG120 College Writing II

ENG120

College Writing II - 3 Credits

College Writing II looks to expand upon the writing skills attained in ENG110. As a student-centered course, students explore their own writing in peer, group, and self-review skill sessions. Students enhance self-editing skills and increase awareness of the revision skills needed in both college coursework and in careers. The course will further develop students' understanding of the writing process from pre-writing to final draft. This course encourages students to have their writing evaluated across the curriculum. The course culminates in a research essay and portfolio of original work.

Pre-requisite: ENG110.


    Prerequisite: ENG110
3 crs
COM107 Introduction to Communications

COM107

Intro to Communications - 3 credits

This introductory course will focus on the knowledge and skills that students need to become competent communicators.  This information and these skills will include speaking, listening, media literacy, computer-mediated communication, cultural sensitivity, workplace communication, group dynamics, and critical thinking.  Students will prepare and present speeches and group projects that utilize media and technology.  Emphasis will be place on personal, social and workplace interaction both individually and in group settings.

3 crs
CIS112 Introduction to Computing

CIS112

Introduction to Computing - 3 Credits

This course strives to meet the high level of computer literacy required of all students earning a degree from the university. Special emphasis is placed on the ethical use of computer technology for information analysis and communications. Computer units introduce the Internet, Windows, word processing, spreadsheets, and presentation software. Students who feel they have attained computer literacy and earn 70 percent on an exemption exam may substitute any other 3-credit course for this core requirement. 

Students may prove competency by passing a waiver examination.  No credit is granted if the requirement is waived.


    Students may prove competency by passing a waiver examination. No credit is granted if the requirement is waived.
3 crs
 
Liberal Arts Electives 24 crs
History Elective 3 crs
Ethics Elective 3 crs
Social Science Elective 3 crs
Performance, Written, or Fine Arts Elective 3 crs
Elective 3 crs
Elective 3 crs
Elective 3 crs
Elective 3 crs
 
Math 6 crs
MAT220 Statistics I

MAT220

Statistics - 3 Credits

This course offers students an opportunity to experience statistics as it would occur in various settings. Topics are presented through real life case studies and include an overview of the fundamentals of statistics, collective and descriptive statistical techniques, data collection and sampling, the normal distribution and probability, hypothesis testing, population inferences, simple linear regression, and correlation. An understanding of basic algebra is required. Course requires subscription to a supplementary online program. Scientific or graphing calculator and access to a spreadsheet program is recommended.

3 crs
MAT171 Calculus I

MAT171

Calculus I - 3 Credits

This course introduces differential and integral calculus of one variable. Topics include analytic geometry, functions, limits, derivatives, applications of derivatives, and anti-derivatives. Course requires subscription to a supplementary online program. Graphing calculator required.

Prerequisite: MAT130 or successful completion of a High School equivalent.


    Prerequisite: MAT130 or Department permission
3 crs
 
Science 4 crs
BIO143 General Biology I

BIO143

General Biology I - 3 Credits

General Biology I is designed for both the major and non-major college student and provides a foundation for all other biology courses. Discussions will focus on the nature of science in general, bimolecular, origin of life, cells and their components, energy and metabolism, photosynthesis, cell reproduction and division, inheritance, taxonomy, viruses, bacteria, protists, vascular and non-vascular plants, and a survey of the animal kingdom (excluding vertebrates). Inquiry based study in the concurrent laboratory component will provide hands-on application of appropriate lecture material.

Laboratory fee required.

This class was previously called BIO133.


    Laboratory fee required
AND
BIO143L General Biology I Lab

BIO143L

General Biology I Lab - 1 Credit

This course is offered as part of BIO143 General Biology I.

Laboratory fee required.

This class was previously called BIO133 Lab.


    Laboratory fee required
4 crs
Open Electives 15 crs
  
Leadership Course 3 crs
LCS105 Elements of Organizations

LCS105

Elements of Organization - 3 Credits

Students need a basic understanding of how organizations work in order to manage their personal and professional lives. This course provides an interdisciplinary perspective on the foundations underlying all organizations (businesses, non-profit and governmental organizations) specifically as they relate to the nature of: management and leadership, economics both domestically and internationally, ethics, social responsibility, entrepreneurship, human resource management, marketing/advertising, e-commerce, information technology, accounting, investments, money and personal finances.

3 crs
 
Major, Core and Concentrations 50-55 crs
Designated Writing Course 3 crs
SCI315 Writing in the Sciences

SCI315

Writing in the Sciences – 3 Credits

This course will focus on word and phrasing choice, language use (verbosity), sentence structure, and the passive voice. Students will learn the correct writing style to properly assemble and document laboratory reports, land-use permits, site assessments, and professional interviews. The final component of the class will involve learning to research peer-reviewed scientific literature, and compose a properly-cited scientific research paper.

Prerequisites: ENG110, ENG120, and COM107.


    Prerequisite: ENG110, ENG120, and COM107
3 crs
   
Science Core 20 crs
BIO144 General Biology II (3 crs)

BIO144

General Biology II - 3 Credits

General Biology II is designed for both the major and non-major college student and provides a continuation of the foundation established in BIO143. Discussions will focus on DNA, gene structure, function and expression, biotechnology, developmental biology, evolution, population genetics and dynamics, species interactions, biological communities, and vertebrate anatomy and physiology. Inquiry based study in the concurrent laboratory component will provide hands-on application of appropriate lecture material.

Prerequisite: C- or better in BIO143, or permission of the instructor.

This class was previously called BIO134.


    Prerequisite: C- or better in BIO143, or permission of the instructor
AND
BIO144L General Biology II Lab (1 cr)

BIO144L

General Biology II Lab - 1 Credit

This course is offered as part of BIO144 General Biology II.

Laboratory fee required.

This class was previously called BIO134 Lab.


  Laboratory fee required
4 crs
CHM115 General Chemistry I

CHM115

General Chemistry I - 3 Credits

Introduction to chemical principles including atomic and molecular structure, properties of the elements, stoichiometry, atomic bonding, chemical reactions, and the ideal gas law will be discussed in this introductory course.

Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: MAT120

This class was previously called CHM105.


     Prerequisite: MAT120
AND
CHM115L General Chemistry I Lab

CHM115L

General Chemistry I Lab - 1 Credit

This course is an inquiry-based study of General Chemistry I topics that will provide hands-on application of appropriate lecture material and reinforce both the quantitative and qualitative components of chemistry. This course must be taken concurrently with CHM115.

Laboratory fee required.

This class was previously called CHM105 Lab.


    Laboratory fee required
4 crs
PHY115 Physics I

PHY115

Physics I - 3 Credits

This is the first part of a two-semester course series that allows students to systematically study the physical forces that shape our universe. Students pay special attention to one and two dimensional motion, work and energy, momentum, the Law of Gravity, rotational dynamics, Laws of Thermodynamics, vibrations and waves, and sound. Lecture topics are reinforced through hands-on application of theory in a laboratory environment.

Prerequisite: MAT120.

This class was previously called PHY110.


    Prerequisite: MAT120
AND
PHY115L Physics I Lab

PHY115L

Physics I Lab - 1 Credit

This course is offered as part of PHY115 Physics I.

This class was previously called PHY110 Lab.

4 crs
PHY116 Physics II

PHY116

Physics II - 3 Credits

This laboratory course is part of a two semester sequence that helps students explore the basic tenants of physics. The focus of Physics II is on the dynamic aspects of the universe. Physics II continues with discussion about light, refraction, reflection, mirrors, lenses, optic waves, and relativity, as well as quantum, atomic, and nuclear physics.

Prerequisite: PHY 115.

This class was previously called PHY111.


    Prerequisite: PHY115
AND
PHY116 Physics II Lab

PHY116L

Physics II Lab - 1 Credit

This course is offered as part of PHY116 Physics II.

This class was previously called PHY111 Lab.
4 crs
 
Major Core 21-24 crs
BIO306 Genetics

BIO306

Genetics - 3 Credits

Genetics is not only the study of inheritance patterns, but also the study of chromosomal structure, mutational events, population genetics, and molecular genetics. During the course of the semester, students will have the opportunity to learn—in correct historical time line—about the development of this discipline and the basic principles that are used in many other areas of biology.

Prerequisite: BIO144, CHM115, or permission of the instructor.


    Prerequisite: BIO144, CHM115, or permission of the instructor
3 crs
BIO311 Cell Biology

BIO311

Cell Biology - 3 Credits

This is a study of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell anatomy and physiology. Topics include cell communication, responses to environmental change, metabolic processes, and cell culture systems. Laboratory activities will promote the development of culture technique and hands-on learning to support the principles discussed in lecture.

Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: BIO144, CHM115, CHM116 or permission of the instructor.

This class was previously called BIO301.


    Prerequisites: BIO144 or permission of the instructor
AND
BIO311L Cell Biology Lab

BIO311L

Cell Biology Lab - 1 Credit

This course is offered as part of BIO311 Cell Biology.

Laboratory fee required.

This class was previously called BIO301 Lab.


    Laboratory fee required
4 crs
BIO313 Biochemistry

BIO313

Biochemistry - 3 Credits

Biochemistry comprises a survey of basic principles of organic and biological chemistry as well as molecular biology with an emphasis on broad understanding of chemical events in living systems in terms of metabolism and structure-function relationships of biologically important molecules.  Topics include organic functional groups, reactions, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, metabolism, and neurochemistry.


   Prerequisite: BIO144 and CHM115, or permission of the instructor
3 crs
TWO of the following courses: 7-8 crs
BIO203 Anatomy and Physiology I
    Prerequisite: BIO144, or permission of the instructor.

BIO203

Anatomy and Physiology I - 3 Credits

This is a study of the organization of the human body from the atomic level to the entire individual. The focus of this course includes biochemistry, cytology, histology, and the following: integument, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. The laboratory portion of this course will allow students to learn structures and relationships in a self-paced fashion.

Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: BIO144, or permission of the instructor.


AND 
BIO203L Anatomy and Physiology I Lab

BIO203L

Anatomy and Physiology I Lab - 1 Credit

This course is offered as part of BIO203 Anatomy and Physiology I.

Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: BIO144L, or permission of the instructor.

This class was previously called BIO201 Lab.


    Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: BIO144L, or permission of the instructor
4 crs 
BIO204 Anatomy& Physiology II

BIO204

Anatomy and Physiology II - 3 Credits

This is a continuation of the study of the organization of the human body from the atomic level to the entire individual. The focus of this course includes the following: endocrine, reproductive, immune, digestive, urinary, cardio-vascular, excretory, and respiratory systems. The laboratory portion of this course will allow students to learn structures and relationships in a self-paced fashion.

Laboratory fee required. Prerequisites: One of the following BIO120, BIO121, BIO143, or BIO203.

This class was previously called BIO202.


    Prerequisite: BIO203, or permission of the instructor
AND
BIO204L Anatomy& Physiology II

BIO204L

Anatomy and Physiology II Lab - 1 Credit

This course is offered as part of BIO204 Anatomy and Physiology II.

Laboratory fee required.

This class was previously called BIO202 Lab.


    Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: BIO203L, or permission of the instructor
4 crs
BIO226 Botany

BIO226

Botany - 3 Credits

Botany is a study of vascular and nonvascular plants. In this course, students will focus on the macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of vascular and non-vascular plants as well as the physiology and ecology of representative species from the major plant phyla (divisions).

Prerequisite: BIO144.


3 crs
BIO230 Microbiology

BIO230

Microbiology - 3 Credits

Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms. The focus of this course will be on bacteria, yeast and viruses. Discussion will concentrate on the role of microbial communities that live in and around humans, their metabolism, growth, and reproduction as well as their position in the food web and species interactions. Special attention will be given to microbes used for food production. The laboratory portion of this course will focus on standard microbiological techniques and use of these techniques in a student designed experiment.

Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: BIO144, CHM115 or permission of the instructor.

This class was previously called BIO220.


    Prerequisite: BIO144, CHM115 or permission of the instructor
AND
BIO230L Microbiology Lab

BIO230L

Microbiology Lab - 1 Credit

This course is offered as part of BIO230 Microbiology.

Laboratory fee required.

This class was previously called BIO220 Lab.


    Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: BIO144L, or permission of the instructor
4 crs
BIO235 Zoology

BIO235

Zoology - 3 Credits

Zoology is the study of the anatomy, physiology, evolution and ecology of members of the animal kingdom. In this course, students will survey members of the major invertebrate and vertebrate animal phyla and in an evolutionary context. Special attention will be paid to the anatomical features of each major animal phyla and their classes. The laboratory portion of this course will involve observation and dissection of representative members from most of the animal phyla.

Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: BIO144 or permission of the instructor.

This class was previously called BIO225.


    Prerequisite: BIO144, CHM115 or permission of the instructor.
AND
BIO235L Zoology Lab

BIO235L

Zoology Lab - 1 Credit

This course is offered as part of BIO235 Zoology.

Laboratory fee required.

This class was previously called BIO225 Lab.


    Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: BIO144L, or permission of the instructor
4 crs
ONE of the following courses: 3 crs
BIO310 Developmental Biology

BIO310

Developmental Biology - 3 Credits

When comparing members of the animal kingdom, individual species may appear to be very different. The developmental stages of vertebrates and invertebrates including changes in morphology, physiological alterations, genetic regulation, and evolutionary relationships do, however, provide a link that connects members of the animal kingdom. While this link may no longer be visible in the adult form, it is clear during embryological development. These connections can provide meaningful information to help understand adult anatomy, physiology and evolutionary relationships.

Prerequisite: BIO144, CHM115.


    Prerequisite: BIO144, CHM115
3 crs
BIO320 Evolution

BIO320

Evolution- 3 Credits

In recent years, evolution has come to be the unifying theme for all biological disciplines. This course will focus on the basic evolutionary principles including, but not limited to: speciation, natural selection, molecular clocks, adaptation, mimicry, co-evolution, origin of life, and evidence in support of evolution. Students will be expected to draw upon information obtained from lecture, texts, and primary articles.

Prerequisite: BIO144 and CHM115 or permission of the instructor.


    Prerequisite: BIO144, CHM115 or permission of the instructor
3 crs
BIO360 Ecology

BIO360

Ecology - 3 Credits

Ecology is the study of how living creatures interact with the living and non-living components of their environment. Topics in this course include population dynamics, energy flow, biological and geochemical cycles, decomposition, community structure and composition, plant and animal defenses, pest management, and environmental factors that may disrupt the global or local community.

Prerequisite: BIO134.

This class was formerly called BIO260.


    Prerequisite: BIO144, or permission of the instructor
3 crs
ONE of the following courses: 1-3 crs
BIO435 Independent Study

BIO435

Independent Study 1-- 3 Credits

Students engage in independent research in either a laboratory or field setting. Students may also elect to complete a literature review. Results of this work are presented at the end of the semester. Application, proposal submission and registration policies should be discussed with the faculty mentor prior to registration.

    Prerequisite: BIO144 and BIO144L, or permission of the instructor
1-3 crs
BIO498 Internship

BIO498

Internship 1 - 3 Credits

Students engage in independent research in either a laboratory or field setting. Students may also elect to complete a literature review. Results of this work are presented at the end of the semester. Application, proposal submission and registration policies should be discussed with the faculty mentor prior to registration.

Prerequisite: permission of the instructor


    Prerequisite: BIO144 and BIO144L, or permission of the instructor
1-3 crs
 
Directed Electives 6-8 crs
200/300 Level Elective 3-4 crs
300/400 Level Elective 3-4 crs
 
Career and Self-Awareness 6 crs
CSA101 College Success Seminar

CSA101

Exploring Self: Inside Out - 3 credits

This course will focus on self-discovery and interaction with others to provide learners with the foundation for examining and further developing their own personal effectiveness. An environment of trust will be built within the class to enable individual and collective openness, discovery, and engagement in personal learning. The course will use experiential learning, personal reflection, and group interaction as primary approaches. This is a hybrid course, with classroom interaction time blended with online learning and interaction through the Blackboard learning management system.

3 crs
CSA260 Professional Success Seminar

CSA260

Professional Success Seminar - 1 credits

This course will enable students to develop their own individualized plans for personal, academic, and career success. Students will engage in self-evaluation exercises and highly interactive classroom activities to evaluate their own “fit” for certain careers. Students will also participate in resume and cover letter writing activities to prepare for the experiential learning of the next course. Students will establish short-term career goals and begin a career portfolio to be refined during successive semesters.

1 cr
CSA400 Career Capstone

CSA400

Career Capstone - 2 credits

This course is the culmination of the career and self-awareness series, a comprehensive program for career and life planning. The course prepares students for a transition from university life to independent work life. Students will learn valuable financial and money management skills. Students will explore life balance issues, life roles, and self-concept as they relate to their future plans. Students will explore employment issues, such as the changing nature of work, diversity, trends, and job outlook. The course will require students to engage in networking and a job search with the goal of employment upon graduation. In addition, students who are seeking to enter graduate school will engage in the application process, including interviewing practice, and admissions essay writing.

Prerequisite: CSA260


    Prerequisite: CSA260
2 crs
 
Grand Total 120-125 crs


Biology Electives  
BIO120 Concepts in Biology

BIO120

Concepts of Biology - 3 Credits

This survey course assists students in understanding the basic and unifying principles of life. Students focus on a wide variety of topics including structure and function, organization, diversity, biochemistry, evolution, behavior, ecology, and population dynamics.

3 crs
BIO121 Human Biology - Health and Disease

BIO121

Human Biology - Health and Disease - 3 Credits

This one-semester course focuses on the human systems (integument, nervous, muscular, skeletal, digestive, circulatory, excretory, respiratory, reproductive, endocrine, and immune). Students learn about normal structure and function, and then they apply these concepts and principles to a study of major abnormalities in each system (skin cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, muscular dystrophy, palsy, seizure activity, acromegaly, Addison's Disease, etc.).


3 crs
BIO150 Nutrition

BIO150

Nutrition - 3 Credits

This course presents a scientific study of the basic principles of nutrition. Nutrient requirements, diet, biochemistry, diseases, and socio-economic concepts are stressed. Special emphasis is placed on changes throughout the human life cycle.


3 crs
BIO160 Medical and Scientific Terminology

BIO160

Medical and Scientific Terminology - 3 Credits

An essential part of learning biology or almost any other science is the mastery of the terminology used. This task may be made easier if one becomes more aware of the meaning and derivation of the word elements (parts) that form these technical terms. By becoming familiar with the word elements, technical terms become easier to remember, and newly encountered words are easier to understand. Students in this course learn (in both group and individual competitions) to establish a personal database of these word elements so that they can more accurately understand novel scientific and medical terminology.


3 crs
BIO305 Endrocinology

BIO305

Endocrinology - 3 Credits

Chemical messengers participate in communication, regulation, and development of living organisms. A general survey of these messengers, their sites of production, and mechanisms of action will be discussed. While the major emphasis of this course will be on animal systems and their physiological responses, hormones and biochemical communication in plants will also be discussed.

Prerequisite: BIO144, CHM115.


3 crs
BIO315 Physiology

BIO315

General Physiology - 3 Credits

General Physiology is the study of how creatures function and what factors affect those functions. Topics of discussion include basic biochemistry, homeostasis, communication, energy production, equilibrium, electrical signals, locomotion, reproduction, and transport and gas exchange.

Prerequisite: BIO144.


AND
BIO315L Physiology Lab

BIO315L

General Physiology Lab - 1 Credit

This course is offered as part of BIO315 General Physiology.

Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: BIO144L


    Laboratory fee required
4 crs
BIO330 Molecular Biology

BIO330

Molecular Biology - 3 credits

This course examines the principles and ethical implications of molecular biology and biotechnology. Molecular biology is the study of the molecular mechanisms of biological processes. Biotechnology is the application of molecular biology and underlines recent innovations in medicine, agriculture, and other fields. Applications include genetic engineering, therapeutic cloning, genetically modified organisms, gene therapy,and genetic testing.

Prerequisite: BIO144 and CHM115 (or permission of the instructor)


    Prerequisite: BIO144L, or permission of the instructor.
AND
BIO330L Molecular Biology Lab

BIO330L

Molecular Biology Lab - 1 credit

This course is offered as part of BIO330 Molecular Biology.

Laboratory fee required. Prerequisite: BIO144L and CHM115L (or permission of the instructor)


    Laboratory fee required
4 crs
BIO350 Pharmacology

BIO350

Pharmacology - 3 Credits

Many students within the Biology program are interested in working in the medical field.  Advance Pharmacology is part of the graduate curriculum for Pharmacy Schools, Medical Schools, Veterinary Schools, Physician Assistant Programs etc.  This course will provide individuals with basic knowledge of medications in order to make educated decision related to drugs and health, and prepare students for more vigorous graduate studies if they choose to go that route. 

This class was previously called BIO315.


    Prerequisite: BIO144 and CHM115 or permission of the instructor.
3 crs


Minors are also available, to learn more visit the Undergraduate MInors section.

Pre-Health Tracks are available for interested students. Pre-Health Tracks such as pre-med and pre-vet are designed to assist students who seek admission into medical, veterinary, dentistry, pharmacy, optometry, podiatry, physician assistant, physical therapy, and related health professional schools after graduation. They are recommended courses that may or may not already be required by their degree program.

Universities regularly make changes to the curriculum in order to offer quality and relevant degrees. Post University reserves the right to change the curriculum at any time. Any changes to the curriculum will be published as soon as the changes have been approved.